By Tim Maurer
On Wednesday, the High Court in London rejected the appeal by Julian Assange, the founder of WikiLeaks, to block his extradition to Sweden. It is the latest twist in a story about money, fame, sex, underground hackers, and betrayal that has captivated the world. Yet, neither the ruling nor Assange is the big news in this story. According to Joseph Nye, Harvard University professor, “If Assange had never been born, something like this would have happened anyway […] it was in the DNA of the net”. The real news is that something like WikiLeaks can happen again. Read more
By Arnold Bogis
The Power & Policy Fellows Forum
By Arnold Bogis
The latest diplomatic cables released by Wikileaks are filled with descriptions of smuggled radioactive materials. Director of the National Counterterrorism Center Michael Leiter recently testified to the House Permanent Select Committee on Intelligence that the likelihood of a dirty bomb attack may be as high as one with biological weapons. Two years ago, radioactive materials, ingredients for explosives, and literature on dirty bombs were discovered in a dead man’s house. Afghanistan or Pakistan? No: Belfast, Maine. Police responding to a domestic dispute discovered the dead man and the materials at the scene. Read more
By Richard Clarke
In the late 19th century, American Admiral Alfred Mahan described the rise of sea power and its relationship to a nation’s global strength. In the early 20th century Italian General Giulio Douhet was first to develop theories about the essentiality of air power to future military superiority. Today America’s “cyber warriors” have begun to talk about the need for their nation to be the “dominant” cyber war power in order to be assured of continued global military superiority.
Although no Mahan or Douhet has yet emerged, America’s cyber generals have described cyberspace as a domain similar to sea, air, and outer space as a potential battleground. In some documents, the cyber warriors have admitted that without dominance in cyberspace, a military power will likely lose the battle in the other domains. With that in mind, the US Navy has created a new 10th Fleet, to accompany the 6th Fleet in the Mediterranean and the 7th Fleet in the Pacific. The 10th Fleet will fight in cyberspace. A new US Cyber Command will coordinate Navy, Army, and Air Force cyber warriors. Read more
By Joseph S. Nye
As authoritarian Arab regimes struggle with Twitter and Al Jazeera inflamed-demonstrations; Iran tries to cope with the cyber sabotage of its nuclear enrichment program; and American diplomats try to understand the impact of Wikileaks, it is clear that smart policy in an information age will need a more sophisticated understanding of power in world politics.
That is the argument of my new book The Future of Power. Two types of power shifts are occurring in this century – power transition and power diffusion. Power transition from one dominant state to another is a familiar historical event, but power diffusion is a more novel process. The problem for all states in today’s global information age is that more things are happening outside the control of even the most powerful states. In the words of Richard Haass, president of the Council on Foreign Relations (and once a faculty member at the Kennedy School), “the proliferation of information is as much a cause of nonpolarity as is the proliferation of weaponry.” Read more